报告题目：Molecular Weaving: The journey to beautiful and functional crystals
报告人：Omar M. Yaghi
In the history of human development the quest for new materials combining beauty and function has captured our imaginations and fundamentally changed our lives. I will describe my journey in the discovery, invention, and development of the largest classes of porous crystals whose structures are stitched and weaved into frameworks (MOF/COF/ZIF) of unparalleled beauty, diversity and multiplicity. These materials are the most studied worldwide and are useful in clean energy, water, food and health.
Omar M. Yaghi is the James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry at University of California, Berkeley, and a Senior Faculty Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He is the Founding Director of the Berkeley Global Science Institute, and the Co-Director of the Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute, and the California Research Alliance by BASF.
He is widely known for pioneering the development of several extensive classes of new materials: Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs), and Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs). These materials have the highest surface areas known to date, making them useful in many clean energy, catalysis, and electronics applications. The building block approach he developed has led to an exponential growth in the creation of new materials having a diversity and multiplicity previously unknown in chemistry. This chemistry is now being practiced using methods developed by Yaghi since 1995 in hundreds of laboratories in academia and industry worldwide. He termed this field ‘Reticular Chemistry’. Yaghi has received many international awards for his contribution, and is listed among the top five most highly cited chemists worldwide.